Water-Related Diseases: 5 Most Common Water-Related Diseases

Water-related diseases are caused by micro-organisms, like viruses and bacteria through contaminated water. When water gets mixed with various kinds of waste like factory waste, human waste, untreated sewerage, etc., water quality becomes very unhygienic and dangerous for human beings. Using this unhygienic water can lead us to many water-related diseases. Each year water-related diseases affect millions of people throughout the world. Every person on this planet does not have access to clean and safe water, due to that reason, many people are getting infected by water-related diseases. 

Why Water-Related Diseases Are Dangerous

The water-related disease is hazardous for human beings. Water mixed with industrial waste, human waste, animal waste, untreated sewerage waste, etc. is known as polluted water. Polluted water can harm living beings. This contaminated water carries many harmful bacteria and viruses like hepatitis A and E. Drinking or using such dirty water for cooking can lead us to many hazardous infections and water-related diseases like diarrhea, Typhoid, Cholera, Hepatitis A and E, etc. Using unclean water to clean our eyes can cause eye diseases known as Trachoma, which can eventually make us blind. Water-related diseases can affect any of us. But the risk increases in the case of children, older people, and those who have a weak immune system. So, Using clean and safe water is very important for us to live a healthy life. 

5 Water-Related Diseases


Cholera is mostly found in villages or slums where poverty and poor sanitation are rampant. Because cholera is spread through contaminated and polluted water, it can be very dangerous within days or a few hours of exposure to the bacteria. It can cause diarrhea and severe dehydration. 10% affected people can carry life-threatening symptoms out of 100%. To avoid this disease, we should take care of our proper sanitation and drink safe, filtered water.


It is an infection which is caused by bacteria. Typhoid can be fatal, contagious, and can lead to high fever, diarrhea, and excessive vomiting. Typhoid is common in poor and developing countries. Generally, these bacteria spread through contaminated water and food. So, to avoid Typhoid, we should always drink filtered water and fresh food.


Dysentery is an intestinal infection. It results in severe diarrhea. And also, blood and mucus come with stool. Viruses and bacteria cause it due to poor hygiene. These viruses and bacteria mainly spread through the hand, so it is always an excellent reason to wash our hands. Dysentery causes dehydration, so it is good always to be hydrated. To avoid Dysentery, we should ensure our proper hygiene and sanitation.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is a liver infection. Generally, it is caused by consuming contaminated water or food. Also, if we come in contact with someone who has hepatitis A, then we can be affected by that. Countries that have insufficient sanitization and hygiene management gets affected by this disease more. This disease can be very severe, so it is best to prevent it by getting a vaccine. 


Giardia is a water-related disease caused by contaminated water, most often in ponds, lakes and swimming pools, etc. Parasites generally cause this infection. And those who have been exposed to this will face intestinal problems. We can prevent giardia disease by not swallowing water in the swimming pool; we have to maintain hygiene and drink only bottled or filtered water. 


By this, we got to know about some water-related diseases. So, to avoid all kinds of waterborne diseases, we should follow some precautions. Most of the water-related diseases are caused by consuming contaminated or polluted water and not maintaining proper hygiene. We should always drink safe, filtered, and bottled water. It is essential to ensure that our food is made of safe and filtered water. We should mix antiseptic in bathing water so that if there are any harmful germs present in the water, it will have vanished. And always keep our hands and body clean so that no germs and bacteria can harm us. By following some simple precautions, we can ensure our safety from water-related diseases.

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